Virginia Commonwealth University

VCU Massey Cancer Center

Diagnosis

In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination of your child, diagnostic procedures for osteogenic sarcoma may include the following methods:

  • Multiple imaging studies of the tumor and sites of possible metastasis, such as:
    • X-rays – a diagnostic test that uses invisible electromagnetic energy beams to produce images of internal tissues, bones and organs onto film. This test is used to measure and evaluate the curve.
    • Bone scans – a nuclear imaging method to evaluate any degenerative and/or arthritic changes in the joints; to detect bone diseases and tumors; to determine the cause of bone pain or inflammation. This test is to rule out any infection or fractures.
    • Magnetic resonance imaging – a diagnostic procedure that uses a combination of large magnets, radiofrequencies and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body. This test is done to rule out any associated abnormalities of the spinal cord and nerves
    • Computed tomography scan (also called a CT or CAT scan) – a diagnostic imaging procedure that uses a combination of X-rays and computer technology to produce cross-sectional images (often called slices), both horizontally and vertically, of the body. A CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat and organs. CT scans are more detailed than general X-rays.
  • Complete blood count – a measurement of size, number and maturity of different blood cells in a specific volume of blood.
  • Blood tests – including blood chemistries.
  • Biopsy of the tumor.