Virginia Commonwealth University

VCU Massey Cancer Center

Long-term outlook for a child with rhabdomyosarcoma

Prognosis greatly depends on:

  • The extent of the disease.
  • The size and location of the tumor. 
  • Presence or absence of metastasis. 
  • The tumor’s response to therapy. 
  • The age and overall health of your child. 
  • Your child’s tolerance of specific medications, procedures or therapies. 
  •  New developments in treatment.

As with any cancer, prognosis and long-term survival can vary greatly from child to child. Prompt medical attention and aggressive therapy are important for the best prognosis. Continuous follow-up care is essential if your child is diagnosed with rhabdomyosarcoma. Side effects of radiation and chemotherapy, as well as second malignancies, can occur in survivors of rhabdomyosarcoma.