Virginia Commonwealth University

VCU Massey Cancer Center

Long-term outlook

Determining the prognosis and long-term survival of children with Wilms tumor is based on the following factors:

  • Histology, favorable or unfavorable.
  • Extent of the disease. 
  • Age and overall health of your child at diagnosis. 
  • Size of the primary tumor. 
  • Response to therapy. 
  • Your child’s tolerance of specific medications, procedures or therapies. 
  • New developments in treatment.

As with any cancer, prognosis and long-term survival can vary greatly from child to child.

Prompt medical attention and aggressive therapy are important for the best possible prognosis. Continued follow-up care is essential for the child diagnosed with Wilms tumor. Side effects of chemotherapy and radiation, as well as second malignancies, can occur in survivors of cancer. New methods are continually being discovered to improve treatment and to decrease side effects.