National clinical trial led by Massey researcher provides mastectomy alternative for recurrent breast cancer
Mastectomy has historically been the standard treatment for breast cancer patients experiencing recurrence after an initial lumpectomy and whole-breast radiation. Now, a phase 2 clinical trial led by Douglas W. Arthur, M.D., chair and professor in the Department of Radiation Oncology at VCU Massey Cancer Center and VCU School of Medicine, has demonstrated an effective alternative.
Laboratory experiments conducted by scientists at Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center suggest that a novel combination of the drugs ibrutinib and bortezomib could potentially be an effective new therapy for several forms of blood cancer, including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL).
Massey researchers first to show that a specific protein inhibitor successfully kills multiple myeloma tumor cells
Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 7 (CDK7) is a protein that regulates cell cycle progression. However, it also plays a key role in controlling transcription of three genes that help tumor cells proliferate and survive in patients with multiple myeloma, a form of plasma cell cancer.
Can the patterns in tree branches or the meandering bends in a river provide clues that could lead to better cancer therapies? According to a new study from Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center, these self-similar, repeating patterns in nature known as fractals help scientists better understand how the immune system is organized and may one day be used to help improve stem cell transplant outcomes in leukemia patients by predicting the probability of transplant complications.
In their study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, prostate cancer growth in mice with functioning immune systems was inhibited by sensitizing the cancer cells with the drug Sabutoclax (BI-97C1) and using UTMD technology to deliver a viral gene therapy that expresses the genemda-7/IL-24. This powerful new approach to treating prostate cancer builds upon prior studies by principle investigator Paul B. Fisher, M.P.H., Ph.D., Thelma Newmeyer Corman Endowed Chair in Oncology Research at VCU Massey (photo on left). Fisher is professor and chair of the Department of Human and Molecular Genetics in the VCU School of Medicine, and director of the VCU Institute of Molecular Medicine.